Python Tutorial for Beginners: Learn Programming Basics [PDF]

Python Tutorial Summary

In this Python tutorial for beginners, you will learn Python programming basics and advanced concepts. This Python course contains all the Python basics from installation to advanced stuff like Python data science. This Python programming tutorial helps you to learn Python free with Python notes and Python tutorial PDF. These Python tutorials will help you learn the basics of Python.

What is Python Programming Language?

Python is an object-oriented programming language created by Guido Rossum in 1989. It is ideally designed for rapid prototyping of complex applications. It has interfaces to many OS system calls and libraries and is extensible to C or C++. Many large companies use the Python programming language, including NASA, Google, YouTube, BitTorrent, etc.

Python tutorial

Python Syllabus

Python Programming Basics for Beginners

πŸ‘‰ Lesson 1 Install Python IDE β€” How to Install Python on Windows [Pycharm IDE]
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 2 Python Hello World β€” Create Your First Python Program
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 3 Python print() Function β€” How to Print in Python with Examples
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 4 Python Variables β€” How to Define/Declare String Variable Types

Python Data Structure

πŸ‘‰ Lesson 1 Python TUPLE β€” Pack, Unpack, Compare, Slicing, Delete, Key
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 2 Python Dictionary(Dict) β€” Update, Cmp, Len, Sort, Copy, Items, str Example
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 3 Python Dictionary Append β€” How to Add Key/Value Pair
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 4 Python Operators β€” Arithmetic, Logical, Comparison, Assignment, Bitwise & Precedence
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 5 Python Arrays β€” Create, Reverse, Pop with Python Array Examples

Python Conditional Loops

πŸ‘‰ Lesson 1 Python Conditional Statements β€” IF…Else, ELIF & Switch Case
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 2 Python For & While Loops β€” Enumerate, Break, Continue Statement
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 3 Python break, continue, pass statements β€” Learn with Example
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 4 Python OOPs β€” Class, Object, Inheritance and Constructor with Example

Python Strings

πŸ‘‰ Lesson 1 Python Strings β€” Replace, Join, Split, Reverse, Uppercase & Lowercase
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 2 Python String strip() Function β€” What is, Examples of strip() Function
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 3 Python String count() β€” Python String count() Method with Examples
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 4 Python String format() β€” What is, How works & Examples
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 5 Python String len() Method β€” Python string length | len() method Example
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 6 Python String find() Method β€” Python string.find() Method With Examples

Python Functions

πŸ‘‰ Lesson 1 Python Main Function & Method Example β€” Understand __main__
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 2 Python Functions Examples β€” Call, Indentation, Arguments & Return Values
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 3 Lambda Functions in Python β€” Python Lambda Functions with EXAMPLES
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 4 Python abs() Function β€” Absolute Value Examples
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 5 Python round() Function β€” What is the round() function in Python?
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 6 Python range() Function β€” Float, List, For loop Examples
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 7 Python map() Function β€” What is the map() function in Python? (With Examples)
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 8 Python Timeit() with Examples β€” What is Python Timeit()?
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 9 Yield in Python Tutorial β€” Generator & Yield vs Return Example
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 10 Python Queue β€” FIFO, LIFO Example
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 11 Python Counter in Collections β€” What is, Use & Examples
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 12 Enumerate() Function in Python β€” Loop, Tuple, String (Example)
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 13 Python time.sleep() β€” Add Delay to Your Code (Example)
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 14 type() and isinstance() in Python β€” What is, Syntax & Examples
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 15 Python New Line β€” How to Print WITHOUT Newline in Python

Python File Handling

πŸ‘‰ Lesson 1 Python File Handling β€” How to Create, Open, Append, Read, Write
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 2 Python Check If File or Directory Exists β€” How to Check
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 3 Python Copy File Methods β€” Python COPY File using shutil.copy(), shutil.copystat()
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 4 Python Rename File β€” Python Rename File and Directory using os.rename()
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 5 Python ZIP file with Example β€” How to create Zip File in Python with Examples
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 6 Python Exception Handling β€” Try, Catch, Finally
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 7 Python readline() Method β€” What is Python readline? (With Examples)

Python Data Science

πŸ‘‰ Lesson 1 SciPy in Python Tutorial β€” What is | Library & Functions Examples
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 2 Reading and Writing CSV Files in Python β€” Using Module & Pandas
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 3 Python JSON β€” Encode(dumps), Decode(loads) & Read JSON File
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 4 Python with MySQL β€” Connect, Create Database, Table, Insert [Examples]
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 5 PyUnit Tutorial β€” Python Unit Testing Framework (with Example)
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 6 Facebook Login using Python β€” FB Login Example
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 7 Python Matrix β€” Transpose, Multiplication, NumPy Arrays Examples

Differences: Python vs Other Technologies

πŸ‘‰ Lesson 1 Python Vs PHP β€” What’s the Difference?
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 2 Python Vs Go β€” What’s the Difference?
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 3 Python Vs JavaScript β€” What’s the Difference?
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 4 Python Vs Ruby β€” What’s the Difference?
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 5 Python 2 Vs Python 3 β€” Key Differences Between Python 2 and Python 3
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 6 Python Vs C++ β€” What’s the Difference?
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 7 Flask Vs Django β€” What’s the Difference Between Flask & Django?

Python List

πŸ‘‰ Lesson 1 Python List β€” Comprehension, Apend, Sort, Length, Reverse EXAMPLES
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 2 Python Average β€” Find AVERAGE of a List in Python with Example
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 3 Python List count() β€” Python List count() method with Examples
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 4 Python remove Duplicates from a List β€” Using Different Methods
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 5 Remove element from a Python LIST β€” [clear, pop, remove, del]
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 6 Python List index() β€” Python List index() method with Examples

Must Know Stuff!

πŸ‘‰ Lesson 1 Python RegEx β€” re.match(), re.search(), re.findall() with Example
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 2 Python DateTime β€” Python DateTime, TimeDelta, Strftime(Format) with Examples
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 3 Python CALENDAR Tutorial β€” Python Calendar Module with Example
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 4 PyTest Tutorial β€” What is, How to Install, Framework, Assertions
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 5 Django Tutorial β€” A Complete Beginner’s Guide to Django
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 6 Urllib.Request and urlopen() β€” Python Internet Access using Urllib.Request & urlopen()
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 7 Python XML Parser Tutorial β€” Read xml file example (Minidom, ElementTree)
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 8 PyQt5 Tutorial β€” Design GUI using PyQt in Python with Examples
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 9 Multithreading in Python with Global Interpreter Lock (GIL) β€” What is, Why Need (With Examples)
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 10 Python Modules β€” Import module in Python with Examples

Python Tools, Interview Questions, Tools, Books & Tutorial PDF

πŸ‘‰ Lesson 1 Best Web Scraping Tools β€” Top 15 Best Web Scraping Tools for Data Extraction
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 2 Best Python IDE β€” Top 10 BEST Python Editors for Windows, Linux & Mac
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 3 Python Certification Exam β€” BEST Python Certification Exam
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 4 Python Programming Books β€” 11 Best Python Programming Books for Beginner & Experts
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 5 Python Tutorial PDF β€” Download Python Tutorial PDF for Beginners
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 6 Best Python Courses β€” 15 Best Online Python Courses Free & Paid
πŸ‘‰ Lesson 7 Python Interview Questions β€” Python Interview Questions and Answers

Why Learn Python Programming?

Python programming is widely used in Artificial Intelligence, Natural Language Generation, Neural Networks, and other advanced fields of Computer Science. Moreover, Python is one of the most demanded programming languages in the market, so there are huge job opportunities for candidates having knowledge of Python programming.

What will you learn in this Python Tutorial for Beginners?

In this Python for beginners tutorial, you will learn Python installation, variables, Data structure, loops, strings, functions, file handling, Python SciPy, Python JSON, Python with MySQL, matrix, Python List, Python Regex, PyTest, PyQt, multithreading, Python interview questions, and many more interesting Python concepts.

Prerequisites for learning Python Tutorial?

This Python tutorial is designed for absolute beginners for learning Python online. However, if you have basic knowledge of any programming language concepts like loops, functions, etc., it will help you learn Python online easily.

  • It provides rich data types and easier to read syntax than any other programming languages
  • It is a platform-independent scripted language with full access to operating system API’s
  • Compared to other programming languages, it allows more run-time flexibility
  • It includes the basic text manipulation facilities of Perl and Awk
  • A module in Python may have one or more classes and free functions
  • Libraries in Pythons are cross-platform compatible with Linux, Macintosh, and Windows
  • For building large applications, Python can be compiled to byte-code
  • Python supports functional and structured programming as well as OOP
  • It supports interactive mode that allows interacting Testing and debugging of snippets of code
  • In Python, since there is no compilation step, editing, debugging, and testing are fast.

Applications of Python Programming Language

  • Program video games
  • Build Artificial Intelligence algorithms
  • Program various scientific programs such as statistical models

Python vs JAVA vs Perl vs TCL vs PHP vs RUBY vs C++ vs JavaScript

Python is one of the most popular programming languages. Currently, each of the following six languages are being used by programmers for developing both desktop and web applications. That is why, it is important for programmers to compare Python with JAVA, Perl , TCL, PHP, RUBY, C++, and JavaScript to pick the right language for their projects.

Programming Languages Difference Between Python and Other Languages
Java
  • Python takes less time to develop, although it is expected to run slower than Java programs
  • Due to Python high-level data types and its dynamic typing programs are shorter than Java programs
Perl
  • Although both these languages are considered similar in many ways, Perl supports common application-oriented tasks like report generating, file scanning, etc. while Python supports for common programming methodologies like data structure design and OOPs programming for programmers making language to readable code
Tcl
  • Tcl is a standalone programming language it is considered weak on data structures
  • It is slower in executing code compared to Python
PHP
  • Python has easy to read code while PHP has more syntax from C/C++ and Perl
  • In Python, classes are used extensively in the standard library, while PHP has SPL which is fully class-based
  • Python supports structured exception handling while most PHP functions do not use exceptions for reporting errors
  • Development features in Python are provided by an add-on, while in PHP it is built in
  • Python supports major GUI frameworks
RUBY
  • Compare to Ruby, Python has a rich set of data structures, internal functions, better namespace handling and use of modules and iterators
  • Python supports multiple inheritance while Ruby does not.
  • To close all its scopes, Ruby requires “end” or “}” while Python uses the white space only.
  • RUBY is preferred for Web development and functional programming, while Python is for Academic and scientific programming.
  • Ruby work on β€œDo more with less.” Philosophy while PYTHON β€œOne right way to do things.”
C++
  • Python code is quite shorter than most other programming languages like C or C++.
  • Python is a dynamically typed language, while C++ is a statically typed language.
JavaScript
  • Python is server side. JavaScript is client side.
  • Python uses indentation and whitespace. JavaScript uses curly brackets to designate blocks of code.

In these Python tutorials, we will cover Python 2 and Python 3 Examples.